1. During early pregnancy, neurons develop at a rate of 250,000 neurons a minute.
2. The first sense to develop in utero is the sense of touch.
3. 60% of a baby’s energy goes into brain development.
4. Holding and cuddling an infant causes their brain to release important hormones which stimulates their growth.
5. Providing a young child with a rich and stimulating environment can significantly increase IQ.
6. Spending “playtime” with a child (talking, singing, reading and playing with them) is the best way to stimulate brain development.
7. Learning a musical instrument boosts brain development in children.
8. Reading aloud and talking to young children promotes their brain development.
9. Basic emotions are present at birth (joy, happiness, shyness, fear). However, the way these develop depends on the type of nurturing the child receives.
10. Being raised by sensitive caregivers enables a child to handle stress better – and this continues into their adult life.
11. The cerebral cortex grows thicker the more we use it (in both childhood and adulthood).
12. Children who are bilingual before the age of five have denser grey matter in their brain.